Thursday, 21 May 2020

Know about WHO...

World Health Organization (WHO) on Twitter: "Opening of the ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. The WHO Constitution, which establishes the agency's governing structure and principles, states its main objective as "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide.
The WHO was established by constitution on 7 April 1948, which is commemorated as World Health Day.
The founder countries of this organisation are: India, United States of America, Brazil, Mexico, Turkey, Australia, Argentina, Colombia, United Kingdom, Canada, Iran, France, Egypt, Peru, Poland, Ethiopia, Venezula, Saudi Arabia, Ecuador, Netherlands, Iraq, Syria, Greece, New Zealand, Chile, Belgium, Norway, Denmark, Costa Rica, Cuba, Phillippines, Lebanon, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Guatemala, El Salvador, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Soviet Unioin, Luxembourg, Panama, Haiti, Uruguay, Yugoslavia, Liberia, Czechoslovakia, Republic of China, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Union of South Africa.

The first meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the agency's governing body, took place on 24 July 1948. The WHO incorporated the assets, personnel, and duties of the League of Nations' Health Organisation and the Office International d'Hygiène Publique, including the International Classification of Diseases.
The WHA, composed of representatives from all 194 member states, serves as the agency's supreme decision-making body. It also elects and advises an Executive Board made up of 34 health specialists. The WHA convenes annually and is responsible for selecting the Director-General, setting goals and priorities, and approving the WHO's budget and activities. The current Director-General is Tedros Adhanom, former Health Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, who began his five-year term on 1 July 2017.
On 5 May 2014, WHO announced that the spread of polio was a world health emergency – outbreaks of the disease in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East were considered "extraordinary".
On 8 August 2014, WHO declared that the spread of Ebola was a public health emergency; an outbreak which was believed to have started in Guinea had spread to other nearby countries such as Liberia and Sierra Leone. The situation in West Africa was considered very serious.
On 30 January 2020, the WHO declared the COVID-19 pandemic was a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan, who is at the forefront of India's battle against COVID-19, is set to take charge as the chairman of the World Health Organization (WHO) Executive Board on May 22.
Mr Vardhan would succeed Dr Hiroki Nakatani of Japan, currently the Chairman of the 34-member WHO Executive Board.
The proposal to appoint India's nominee to the executive board was signed by the 194-nation World Health Assembly on Tuesday, officials said on condition of anonymity.

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